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      These  registration Nos. are very
                          useful for dating.
they were used on china, glass, & metal
and possibly other things.
This is a page I have started to try and give some information about antiques in general.

 


                                                 REGISTERED NUMBERS - from 1884--1965
Registered numbers are a consecutive numbering system which started in 1884 of designs which were registered by companies. The Registered Number, usually written as Rd on the piece of pottery, gives the date when that design was first registered to prevent copying, but it could have been made at any time later than that date.
 
 
                     1884     1
                     1885     19756 
                     1886      40480 
                     1887     64520
                     1888     90483
                     1889     116648

1890     141273
1891     163767
1892     185713
1893     205240
1894     224720
1895     246975
1896     268392
1897     291241
1898     311658
1899     331707

1900     351202
1901     368154
1902     385180
1903     403200
1904     424400
1905     447800
1906     471860
1907     493900
1908     518640
1909     535170

1910     552000
1911     574817
1912     594195
1913     612431
1914     630190
1915     644935
1916     653521
1917     658988
1918     662872
1919     666128
1920     673750
1921     680147
1922     687144
1923     694999
1924     702671
1925     710165
1926     718057
1927     726330
1928     734370
1929     742725
1930     751160
1931     760583
1932     769670
1933     779292
1934     789019
1935     799097
1936     808794
1937     817293
1938     825231
1939     832610
1940     837520
1941     838590
1942     839230
1943     839980
1944     841040
1945     842670
1946     845550
1947     849730
1948     853260
1949     856999
1950     860854
1951     863970
1952     866280
1953     869300
1954     872531
1955     876067
1956     879282
1957     882949
1958     887079
1959     891665
1960     895000
1961     899914
1962     904638
1963     909364
1964     914536
1965     919607

The Registered Number, usually written as Rd 543765 or such on a piece of pottery, or glass or what ever, gives the date when that design was first registered to prevent copying, but it could have been made at any time later than that date.
 
 

CERAMIC'S
 

General rules for dating.

Any printed mark with the Royal Arms (or variations of the Arms) are 19th. century or later.
 

Any printed mark with the name of the pattern can be regarded as being later than 1810.
 

Use of the word Royal in Manufacturer's mark suggests a date after the middle of the 19th century, (such as Royal Cauldon, Royal Worcester).
 

The word's "Bone China" "English Bone China", etc. donate a 20th century date.
 

The word  "England"  commenced to be used c1890 , to comply with the American McKinley Tariff Act.

"Made in England" indicates 20th century

The use of the word   "Limited"   or   "Ltd"   after a makers name indicates  a date after 1860.

The words "Trade Mark" after 1887

"Rd. No." followed by a number indicates 1884 or later, if number above 360,000 the date is subsequent to 1900.
 
 


 
 

The above is very very useful for dating items.
 

Below is a chart for identifying the date marks on Minton pottery.
from 1842 to 1942.


I hope this will be of help. The date mark is usually impressed and sometimes it is hard to see, as it often gets filled up with the glaze.
There is so much to learn about ceramics, learning to recognize the different pastes is difficult,  hard paste porcelain is cold to the touch, and the overglaze decoration stands out proud, where as soft paste, is slightly warmer to the touch, and
the decoration sinks into the glaze, the translucency's of the different factories is tricky to learn.
The mark on ceramics is the last thing to check, as there is so much faking going on  that the marks cant be trusted.

Now for a couple of tips on collecting furniture.

Examine each piece to see if there are any tool marks, especially in unseen places such as the inside of the rails of chair seats.

Learn to tell the different marks that the antique tool makes from modern tool marks. Beware of smoothed unseen areas the workmen did not waste time on unseen parts.

On French polished furniture,  see if there are white flecks in the grain,  as on old furniture, made before c1820 the grain of the wood was filled with ground up brick dust whereas on later furniture,  stained plaster of paris was used,  and over the years the stain has faded and the white plaster shows up as white flecks.
Another clue look for hand made nails & screws, with screws the driver slot is always of centre with nails they rust a little with age, and the wood round them is always discoloured, hinges quite often show file marks.
A few tip's on veneer,
If veneer is under a sixteenth of an inch in thickness it is modern (late 19th. or 20th. century)
on my sideboard the veneer on the  top is 3/16th.of an Inch thick which is the thickest I have come across,
because you must remember all veneer had to be sawn by hand tools. By the second half of the 19th. century they were using machinery so could get extremely thin veneer from then on.
GOOD LUCK
WITH YOUR
COLLECTING